Akkademia di Psicopolis
Great Groups! - Getting a Group to Think Like a Genius (Fonte)

Wouldn’t it be great to have an Edison or Einstein, or Mozart at your next meeting? If youhad a genius at your meeting, do you think you might come up with better results? Let me bethe first to tell you that those people won’t be at your next meeting. But there are somethings you can do as a facilitator - some techniques and tactics that you can use with thegroup that will help them work better. In this article you will learn some of the strategies of geniuses (adapted from Thinking Like a Genius, by Michael Michalko in the May 1998 issue ofThe Futurist), and how to apply them within any group you are working with.

  • Geniuses look at problems in many different ways. The key to this strategy is helping a group find newperspectives. Often a group gets "locked in" on one specificsolution or cause. The goal should be to slow the group downand help them look at their situation from a variety ofperspectives. Once a group has an initial approach, encouragethem to stop and force a new perspective - force them to re-conceptualize the problem.

How To Do It. Once a group has settled in on an approach, encourage them tostep out of the room. When they return, explain the concept oflooking at the problem from another perspective. Ask the group to list three or more other perspectives that this situation could be viewed from. From that list, pick one for the group toreconsider the situation from. (If the group is large enoughhave sub groups work different perspectives.) The time spent in reviewing the situation from the new perspectives should be asrigorous as the first analysis. Once the group has completed their reanalysis, have them look at all of their results. At this point encourage them to make the best decision, given all thedata they have at their disposal.

  • Geniuses make novel combinations. Sometimes geniuses don’t come up with new ideas, butcombine existing ones to make great advances.

How To Do It. Once a group has a variety of possible solutions (possibly byusing some of the steps above), have them try to combinethem, rather than just pick one. Spur them on with questionslike: How could you do both A and B? How could you gain the benefits of both A and D, while minimizing the risks?

  • Geniuses force relationships. This may be the genius’ biggest strategy of all, and one you canemploy easily with groups.

How To Do It. Always have a few (or a lot) of disparate items on a list. At anytime that a group is stuck, ask them to force a relationshipbetween their problem to one of the items on your list. (Youcould also have pictures of the items, which might spur theircreativity even further.) These relationships may be forced, andthis may be where the breakthrough comes. Note: Some groups or individuals will scoff at this idea as silly. Acknowledge this, but encourage them to try anyway. Theymay be very pleasantly surprised. Remember too, that the quality comes with quantity rule applies here. You may need totry more than one or two forced relationships before real progress is made.

  • Geniuses make their thought visible. This strategy is often put to use in group meetings, but only atthe lowest level. Recording a group’s work on a flipchart, or whiteboard, is a small step in this direction, but to take this tothe next level (to the genius level!), you need to get more visual.

How To Do It. Have members of a group draw their solutions to a problem, ordraw the results of implementing their solution. If you want tolook at a variety of solutions at once, have sub groups do thisfor different scenarios. Focus the group(s) on making it visualand inclusive of their whole idea. The goal is to communicate,not wow the group with artistic abilities. Once the groups havecompleted their drawings, review all of them to see if newideas, or combinations of ideas are found.

  • Geniuses think in opposites. Often it is very revealing to examine the opposite of yoursituation, or ask the opposite question.

How To Do It. Rather than having the group ask the direct question on theirtask, have them ask the opposite. For example, if the question is, "How do we attract new Customers?", more new ideas and insights might come from asking, "How could we drive all of our Customers away?" With the answers to the opposite question, tactics and plans for avoiding this outcome can be developed.

  • Geniuses think metaphorically. Aristotle believed that metaphors were a sign of genius. If theywere good enough for Aristotle, they should be good enoughfor us!

How To Do It. Have the group compare their situation to anything else(another place for your list mentioned above). The moremetaphors (or analogies) the group can draw between their situation and these random items the better. The insights will flow from the discussion of these connections. You can also ask the group to tell you what they might compare the situation to, which is another method of initiating the metaphors.

  • Geniuses prepare themselves for chance. In a group situation, this most likely fits after a solution hasbeen implemented. This "preparation for chance" will been hanced by the willingness to do two things: admit mistakes, and spend time reviewing the results of the decision or solution.

How To Do It. After a decision is made, encourage the group to schedule timeto review the results of the decision. Time might also bescheduled to discuss the process the group used for coming tothe decision. By reflecting on the work and the results, often new ideas and improvements can be found. The decision totake this time is seldom the natural inclination of a group. Group dynamics are such that when the result or decision is made, the group is ready to "cross that item off the list", and move on. As a facilitator you can provide significant value by encouraging this review process.

  • Geniuses produce. One hallmark of geniuses is that they produced large quantitiesof work. The key in groups is this phrase: "The more ideas (or possible solutions) we produce, the more likely we are toproduce a great idea." Geniuses not only produced large quantities of ideas from which their breakthroughs came, but they also acted on those ideas. So Geniuses not only produceideas, they produce action.

How to Do It. When the groups seems to have hit a lull in a brainstorming session, push them on to think of more ideas (perhaps combining this thought with other strategies on this list). Remind them that there is value in quantity and that often the best ideas come after the easy ones are already out. Challenge them to add more to the list. Another way to use this strategy is to force the group to come up with a challenging goal of a number of ideas before beginning the brainstorming session. As the facilitator you need to make sure that the number is sufficiently large, to make sure it will be a challenge.

.pdf 16,7 Kb
Il freeware è riservato ai Cittadini di
Se non lo sei ancora, clikka per leggere i dettagli
Quando esce il form, inserisci Id e Password
Ti ricordiamo anche che nessuna comunità vive se tutti i suoi membri si limitano a prendere. Psicopolis si basa sullo scambio, quindi ogni tanto dai un tuo contributo: NON SOLDI ma un intervento sulle bacheche, oppure qualche materiale utile o una segnalazione interessante.
Attenzione, se trovi il server occupato, riprova in orari diversi. Se hai difficoltà a scaricare o ricevi un file corrotto, . Ogni programma è stato controllato con antivirus, ma Psicopolis non risponde del funzionamento del software, che è reperito in rete.