A Sociology Timeline from 1600
by Ed Stephan -- want to send suggestions? visit my homepage?
what happened on this date? check out the Sociology Calendar
1600 1620 Apr 24 John GRAUNT born London 1623 May 26 William PETTY born Hampshire 1632 Aug 29 John LOCKE born Wrington, Somerset 1632 Nov 24 Benedict (or Baruch) SPINOZA born Amsterdam 1642 Thomas HOBBES: De Cive, Aubrey's 'Life' 1651 Thomas HOBBES:Leviathan 1662 John GRAUNT: Observations on the Bills of Mortality 1668 Jun 23 Giambattista VICO born Naples 1670 SPINOZA: A Theologico-Political Treatise 1670 Bernard MANDEVILLE born Dordrecht, Holland 1671 SHAFTESBURY (Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl) born 1674 Apr 18 John GRAUNT died 1676 William PETTY: Political Arithmetick 1677 Feb 21 Baruch SPINOZA died 1677 SPINOZA: Ethics 1677 SPINOZA: On the Improvement of the Understanding 1679 Dec 4 Thomas HOBBES died 1682 William PETTY: (Another) Essay on Political Arithmetick 1683 William PETTY: Observations on the Dublin Bills of Mortality 1685 Mar 12 George BERKELEY born Dublin 1687 Dec 16 William PETTY died 1689 Jan 18 Charles de Secondat, Baron de MONTESQUIEU born Château La Brède, near Bordeaux 1690 John LOCKE: Essay Concerning Human Understanding 1690 John LOCKE: Second Treatise on Government 1694 Francis HUTCHESON born
1700 1704 Oct 28 John LOCKE died 1710 BERKELEY: Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge 1711 Apr 26 David HUME born Edinburgh; 2nd site 1711 SHAFTESBURY: Characteristicks of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times, Etc. 1712 Jean Jacques ROUSSEAU born in Geneva, Switzerland 1713 SHAFTESBURY died 1714 MANDEVILLE: The Fable of the Bees: or, Private Vises, Public Benefits 1721 MONTESQUIEU: Persian Letters 1723 Jun 5 Adam SMITH born Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland 1723 Jun 20 Adam FERGUSON born 1724 Immanuel KANT born Königsberg (Kaliningrad) , East Prussia 1726 John HOWARD born Enfield, England 1725 HUTCHESON: An Inquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue 1727 May 10 Anne-Robert-Jacques TURGOT born Paris 1728 HUTCHESON: Essay on the Nature and Conduct of the Passions and Affections 1729 Jan 12 Edmund BURKE born Dublin 1733 Bernard MANDEVILLE died 1732 MANDEVILLE: An Enquiry into the Origin of Honour 1734 MONTESQUIEU: Considerations on the Causes of the Greatness of the Romans and their decline 1735 BERKELEY: The Querist 1737 Jan 29 Thomas PAINE born Thetford, Norfolk, Eng. 1739 HUME: Treatise on Human Nature 1743 Sep 17 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de CONDORCET born Ribemont, France 1744 Jan 23 Giambattista VICO died 1746 Francis HUTHESON died Glasgow 1747 HUTCHESON: Short Inroduction to Moral Philosophy 1748 Feb 15 Jeremy BENTHAM born Houndsditch, London 1748 HUME: Philosophical Essays 1748 HUME: An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding text 1748 MONTESQUIEU: Spirit of Laws 1750 1750 ROUSSEAU: First Discourse 1751 HUME: Enquiry Concering the Principles of Morals 1751 ROUSSEAU: Discourses on the Sciences and the Arts 1753 Apr 1 Comte Joseph Marie de MAISTRE born 1754 Oct 2 Louis G. de BONALD born 1755 Feb 10 Charles de MONTESQUIEU died 1755 HUTCHESON: System of Moral Philosophy 1755 ROUSSEAU: A Discourse upon the Origin and Foundation of the Inequality Among Mankind (aka Second Discourse) 1756 Mar 3 William GODWIN born 1757 HUME: The Natural History of Religion 1759 Apr 27 Mary WOLLSTONECRAFT born London 1759 SMITH: Theory of Moral Sentiments, discussion of 1760 Oct 17 Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de SAINT-SIMON born Paris 1762 ROUSSEU: Emile, a Treatise on Education 1762 ROUSSEAU: The Social Contract 1766 Feb 17 Thomas MALTHUS born 1766 TURGOT: Reflections on the Formation of Riches 1767 FERGUSON: An Essay on the History of Civil Society; a discussed 1770 Aug 27 Georg Frederick HEGEL born 1771 May 14 Robert OWEN born 1772 Apr 7 (François Marie) Charles FOURIER born 1775 Mar 8 PAINE: African Slavery in America 1776 Jan 10 PAINE: Common Sense 1776 BENTHAM: Fragment on Government 1776 SMITH: An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations 1777 Aug 25 David HUME died 1777 HOWARD: The State of Prisons (description) 1779 HUME: Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion 1779 John MILLAR: The Origin of the Distinction of Ranks 1781 Mar 20 Jacques TURGOT died 1781 KANT: Critique of Pure Reason 1782-89 ROUSSEAU: Confessions 1784 KANT: Idea for a Universal History... 1784-91 Johann Gottfried von HERDER: Reflections on the Philosophy of the History of Mankind 1785 KANT: Grundlegung 1786 WOLLSTONECRAFT: Thoughts on the Education of Daughters (pamphlet) 1787 BENTHAM: Defense of Usury 1788 Feb 22 Arthur SCHOPENHAUER born 1788 KANT: Critique of Practical Reason 1789 BENTHAM: Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation 1790 Jan 20 John HOWARD died, Kherson, Ukraine, Russia 1790 Mar 1 first United States census began 1790 Jul 17 Adam SMITH died 1790 United States conducts first regular census 1790 BURKE: Reflections on the Revolution in France 1790 WOLLSTONECRAFT: A Vindication Of The Rights Of Men (response to BURKE) 1792 FERGUSON: Pricniples of Moral and Political Science 1792 PAINE: The Rights of Man 1792 WOLLSTONECRAFT: Vindication of the Rights of Women 1793 Dec 15 Henry Charles CAREY born 1793 CONDORCET: Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind 1793 GODWIN: Enquiry Concerning Political Justice 1794 Mar 29 Marie-Jean, Marquis de CONDORCET died 1795 Dec 4 Thomas CARLYLE born 1795 CONDORCET: History Essay on the Progress of Human Reason 1795 PAINE: The Age of Reason 1795 SMITH: Philosophical Essays 1795-1809 HEGEL: On Christianity: Early Theological writings 1796 Feb 22 Adolphe QUETELET born 1796 BONALD: Theory of Political and Religious Authority in Civil Society 1797 Mar 29 WOLLSTONECRAFT & GODWIN marry privately 1797 Sep 10 Mary WOLLSTONECRAFT died (Mary born Aug 30 1797 Jul 9 Edmund BURKE died 1797 MAISTRE: Considérations sur la France 1798 Jan 17 Auguste COMTE born (birth registered Jan 19) 1798 Jun 7 MALTHUS: Essay on the Principle of Population 1798 GODWIN: Memoirs of Mary Wollstonecraft 1798 WOLLSTONECRAFT: Maria: or, The Wrongs of Woman
1800 1802 Jun 12 Harriet MARTINEAU born, Norwich, England 1804 Jul 28 Ludwig FEUERBACH born 1724 Immanuel KANT died Königsberg, East Prussia 1805 Jul 29 Alexis de TOCQUEVILLE born 1806 Apr 11 Fréderic LE PLAY born 1806 John Stuart MILL born 1806 Johann Gottlieb FICHTE: Characterstic of the Present Age 1807 HEGEL: The Phenomenology of Mind 1809 Feb 12 Charles Robert DARWIN born, Shrewsbury, England 1809 Jun 8 Thomas PAINE died 1812-1816 HEGEL: Science of Logic 1813 SAINT-SIMON: Essay on Science of Man 1813 OWEN: A New View of Society 1814 MAISTRE: Essay on the Generative Principle of Political Constitutions 1814 SAINT-SIMON: The Reorganization of European Society 1816 Feb 22 Adam FERGUSON died 1816 Jul 14 Arthur de GOBINEAU born 1817 HEGEL: Encyclopedia of Philosophy 1817 RICARDO: Principles of Political Economy 1818 (Mary WOLLSTONECRAFT) Shelley: Frankenstein 1818 May 5 Karl MARX born 1818 Nov 21 Lewis Henry MORGAN born 1818 SCHOPENHAUER: The World as Will and Idea 1818-31 HEGEL teaches in Berlin 1820 Apr 27 Herbert SPENCER born 1820 Nov 28 Friedrich ENGELS born, Barmen, Germany 1820 MALTHUS: Principles of Political Economy 1821 Feb 26 Comte Joseph Marie de MAISTRE died 1821 Nov 21 Henry T. BUCKLE born 1821 HEGEL: The Philosophy of Right 1821 James MILL: Principles of Political Economy 1822 Feb 16 Francis GALTON born 1822 COMTE: Plan of the Scientific Operations Necessary for Reorganizing Society 1823-33 Utilitarian Society flourishes in Britain 1825 May 19 Henri de SAINT-SIMON died 1825 SAINT-SIMON: New Christianity 1825-35 Saint-Simonians flourish in France 1826 Feb 3 Walter BAGEHOT born 1830-42 COMTE: The Positive Philosophy (6 vols), 1830, 1835, 1838, 1839, 1841, 1842 1831 Feb 24 Albert SCHÄFFLE born 1831 Nov 14 Georg Frederick HEGEL died 1831 DARWIN: sails on the H.M.S. Beagle 1832 Jun 6 Jeremy BENTHAM died 1832 Oct 2 Edward B. TYLOR born 1832-4 MARTINEAU: Illustrations of Political Economy 1833 MARTINEAU: Poor Laws and Paupers 1833-43 Young Hegelians flourish in Germany 1834 Dec 23 Thomas MALTHUS died 1834 MARTINEAU: Illustrations of Taxation 1834 MARTINEAU settled in London, consulted by cabinent ministers 1834 Sep
MARTINEAU visits America, gives offense through abolitionist views 1835 CAREY: Essay on the Rate of Wages 1835 QUETELET: On Man and the Development of Human Faculties: An Essay on Social Physics 1835-40 TOCQUEVILLE: Democracy in America 1836 Apr 7 William GODWIN died 1837 Oct 10 (François Marie) Charles FOURIER died 1837 CARLYLE: French Revolution 1837 HEGEL: The Philosophy of History 1837 MARTINEAU: Society in America || note 1837-1840 CAREY: Principles of Political Economy 1838 Mar 9 Ludwig GUMPLOWICZ born 1840 Nov 23 Louis G. de BONALD died 1840 PROUDHON: What is Property? 1841 Jun 18 Lester Frank WARD born 1841 CARLYLE: On Heroes 1841 FEUERBACH: The Essence of Christianity 1842 Jan 11 William JAMES born 1842 May 5 MARX writes first article for Rheinische Zeitung 1842 FEUERBACH: Preparatory Theses on the Reform of Philosophy 1842 SPENCER: "The Proper Sphere of Government," The Nonconformist 1842 Lorenz von STEIN: Socialism and Communism in France 1843 Mar 12 Gabriel TARDE born 1843 FEUERBACH: Principles of the Philosophy of the Future 1843 MARX: Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right 1843 J.S. MILL: System of Logic 1844 Oct 15 Friedrich Wilheim NIETZSCHE born 1844 FEUERBACH: The Essence of Religion 1844 MARX: Contribution to the Critique of Hegel'S Philosophy of Law 1844 ENGELS: Outlines of a Critique of Political Economy 1844 ENGELS: Review of Thomas Carlyle's Past and Present 1844-5 MARX: The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 1845 MARTINEAU settles at Ambleside in English Lake District 1844 MARX: Theses on Feuerbach 1845-55 Positivist Society flourishes in France 1845-46 MARX: The German Ideology 1847 ENGELS: The Principles of Communism 1847 MARX: The Poverty of Philosophy 1848 Jul 15 Vilfredo PARETO born 1848 CAREY: The Past, the Present, and the Future 1848 MARTINEAU: Eastern Life, Present and Past (expounds philosophical atheism) 1848 MARX: Communist Manifesto 1848 J.S. MILL: Principles of Political Economy 1849 Sep 26 Ivan Petrovich PAVLOV born, Ryazan, Russia [Sep 14 Old style] 1849 MARTINEAU: History of England During the Thirty Years' Peace 1816-46 1849 MARX: Wage-Labor and Capital 1850 1850 ENGELS: The Peasants' War in Germany 1850 MARX and ENGELS: England's 17th c. Revolution 1850 MARX: The Class Struggle in France, 1848 to 1850 1850 SPENCER: Social Statics 1850 Lorenz von STEIN: The History of the Social Movement in France, 1789-1850 1851 CAREY: The Harmony of Interests 1851 MARTINEAU: Letters on the Laws of Man's Nature and Development (agnostic views which aliented her friends) 1851-1854 COMTE: System of Positive Polity (4 vols) 1852 MARX: The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte 1852 Aug 23 Arnold TOYNBEE born (sociologist uncle of THE Arnold Toynbee) 1853 CAREY: The Slave Trade, Domestic and Foreign: Why it Exists and How it May be Extinguished 1853 MARTINEAU translates and extensively edits Comte's Positive Philosophy 1853-5 GOBINEAU: Essay on the Inequality of Human Races 1854 May 11 Albion Woodbury SMALL born, Buckfield, Maine 1855 Mar 23 Franklin H. GIDDINGS born 1855 Achille GUILLARD coins "demographie" 1855 Jul 26 Ferdinand TOENNIES born near Oldenswort, Schleswig 1855 LE PLAY: The European Workers, (6 vols) 1856 May 6 Sigmund FREUD born 1856 TOCQUEVILLE: Old Regime 1857 Mar 23 Karl PEARSON born, London, England 1857 Jul 30 Thorstein VEBLEN born 1857 Sep 5 Auguste COMTE died 1857-61 BUCKLE: The History of Civilization in England 1857 MARX: Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations 1857-8 MARX: Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 1858 Mar 1 Georg SIMMEL born 1858 Apr 1 Gaetano MOSCA born, Palermo, Sicily 1858 Apr 15 (David) Emile DURKHEIM born 1858 Jul 9 Franz BOAS born, Minden, Westphalia, Prussia [Germany] 1858 Nov 17 Robert OWEN died 1858-1860 CAREY: The Principles of Social Science 1859 Apr 16 Alexis de TOCQUEVILLE died 1859 DARWIN: The Origin of Species 1859 MARX: A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy 1859 J.S. MILL: On Liberty 1860 Sep 6 Jane ADDAMS born, Cedarville IL 1860 Sep 21 Arthur SCHOPENHAUER died 1861 Henry Sumner MAINE: Ancient Law 1862 May 29 Henry T. BUCKLE died 1862 SPENCER: First Principles text version 1863 Jan 19 Werner SOMBART born, Ermsleben, Saxony, Prussia 1863 Aug 13 William Isaac THOMAS born 1863 Feb 27 George Herbert MEAD born 1864 Apr 21 Max WEBER born 1864 Aug 17 Charles Horton COOLEY born 1864 Feb 14 Robert Ezra PARK born 1864 Fustel de COULANGES: The Ancient City 1864 LE PLAY: Social Reform in France (3 vols) 1864 SPENCER: Reason for Dissenting from the Politivist Philosphy of M. Comte 1864-67 SPENCER: Principles of Biology (2 vols) 1865 Mar 19 Joseph WHEELER born, Milwaukee WI 1865 GOBINEAU: The Religions and Philosophies of Central Asia 1865 MARX: Value, Price, and Profit 1865 J.S. MILL: Auguste Comte and Positivism 1867-8 MARX: Capital (vol I) 1868 Feb 23 (William Edward Burghardt) W.E.B. du BOIS born, Great Barrington, Massachusetts 1869 GALTON: Hereditary Genius 1869 RENOUVIER: Science of Ethics 1870-72 SPENCER: Principles of Psychology (2 vols) 1871 Mar 5 "Blutige (Bloody)" Rosa LUXEMBURG born, Zamoshc, Poland 1871 DARWIN: The Descent of Man 1871 GALTON: A Statistical Enquiry into the Efficacy of Prayer 1871 MARX: The Civil War in France 1871 LE PLAY: Organization of the Family 1871 TYLOR: Primitive Culture 1872 Sep 13 Ludwig FEUERBACH died 1872 DARWIN: Expressions of the Emotions in Man and Animals 1872 BAGEHOT: Physics and Politics 1872 CAREY: The Unity of Law 1872 LE PLAY: Organization of Labor 1872 John Stuart MILL died 1873 SPENCER: Study of Sociology 1873-81 LILIENFELD: Ideas about the Social Sciences of the Future, (5 vols) 1874 Feb 17 Adolphe QUETELET died 1874 GALTON: English Men of Science 1875 GUMPLOWICZ: Race and State 1875 MARX: Critique of the Gotha Program 1875-78 SCHÄFFLE: Structure and Life of the Social Body (4 vols) 1876-8 ENGELS: The Part Played by Labour in the Transition From Ape to Man 1876 Jan 9 Robert MICHELS born, Cologne 1876 Jun 11 Alfred Louis KROEBER born, Hoboken NJ 1876 Jun 13 William Sealey GOSSET ("Student") born, Canterbury, England 1876 Jun 27 Harriet MARTINEAU died, near Ambleside, England 1876-96 SPENCER: Principles of Sociology (3 vols: 76, 82, 96) 1877 Mar 24 Walter BAGEHOT died 1877 ENGELS: Anti-Dühring 1877 MARTINEAU: Autobiographical Memoir 1877 MORGAN: Ancient Society 1879 Jun 3 Raymond PEARL born, Farmington NH 1879 Jun 2 Norbert ELIAS born, Breslau, Germany (Wroclaw, Poland) 1879 Oct 13 Henry Charles CAREY died 1879-93 SPENCER: Principles of Ethics (2 vols) 1880 May 29 Oswald SPENGLER born 1880 ENGELS: Socialism: Utopian and Scientific 1880 FOUILLEE: Contemporary Social Science 1881 Dec 17 Lewis Henry MORGAN died 1881 Feb 5 Thomas CARLYLE died 1881 LE PLAY: Essential Constitution of Humanity 1882 Apr 5 Fréderic LE PLAY died 1882 Apr 17 Robert M. MACIVER born 1882 Apr 19 Charles Robert DARWIN died, Down, Kent, England 1882 Oct 13 Arthur de GOBINEAU died 1883 Mar 14 Karl MARX died 1883 Francis GALTON: Inquiries into human faculty and its development 1883 GUMPLOWICZ: Race Struggle 1883 SUMNER: What the Social Classes Owe to Each Other 1883 WARD: Dynamic Sociology (2 vol) 1883 Mar 9 Arnold TOYNBEE died (sociologist uncle of THE Arnold Toynbee) 1884 Jan 26 Edward SAPIR born, Lauenburg, Pomerania, Germany 1884 Apr 7 Branislaw Kasper MALINOWSKI born, Krakow, Poland 1884 May 23 Corrado GINI born, Motta de Livenza, Treviso, Italy 1884 ENGELS: The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State 1884 TOYNBEE: Lectures on The Industrial Revolution in England 1884 SPENCER: The Man versus the State 1885 Jun 5 Warder Clyde ALLEE born, near Bloomingdale IN 1885 GUMPLOWICZ: Outline of Sociology 1885 MARX: Capital, Vol. II (post.) 1886 Jan 14 Alexander Morris Carr-Saunders born, Reigate, Surrey, England 1886 Jun 29 William Fielding OGBURN born 1886 May 16 Ernest Watson BURGESS born 1886 Achille LORIA: Economic Foundations of Society 1887 Jun 5 Ruth BENEDICT born, New York NY 1887 Karl KAUTSKY: The Economic Doctrines of Karl Marx 1887 TOENNIES: Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft 1889 Jan 21 Pitirim SOROKIN born 1889 Apr 14 Arnold Joseph TOYNBEE born in London 1889 ADDAMS founds Hull House settlement in Chicago 1889 Franz BOAS: The Aims of Ethnology 1889 Francis GALTON: Natural inheritance. 1890 Feb 17 Ronald Aylmer FISHER born, London, England 1890 FOUILLEE: The Evolution of Idea-Forces 1890 William JAMES: Principles of Psychology 1890 MARSHALL: Principles of Economics 1890 TARDE: Laws of Imitation 1891 Georg SIMMEL: On Social Differentiation 1892 DURKHEIM: Montesquieu - Quid Secundatus Politicae Scientiae Instituendae Contulerit (latin thesis) 1892 SMALL: First Sociology Department (University of Chicago 1892 PEARSON: Grammar of Science 1892 George SIMMEL: Problems of the Philosophy of History 1893 DURKHEIM: On the Division of Labor in Society 1893 FOUILLEE: The Psychology of Idea-Forces 1893 Jacques NOVICOW: The Struggles between Human Societies and Their Necessary Phases 1893 RATZENHOFER: Nature and End of Politics 1893 WARD: Psychic Factors of Civilization 1894 Benjamin KIDD: Social Evolution 1894 MARX: Capital, Vol III (post.) 1894 SMALL: first textbook in Sociology 1894 SUMNER: The Absurd Effort to Make the the World Over 1894 TARDE: Social Logic 1895 DURKHEIM: Rules of Sociological Method 1895 Aug 5 Friedrich ENGELS died, London, England 1895 Oct 3 George A. LUNDBERG born, Fairdale, North Dakota 1896 W.E.B. du BOIS receives Ph.D., Harvard, dissertation: The Suppression of the African Slave Trade; becomes instructor of Sociology, the University of Pennsylvania 1896 W.E.B. du BOIS: The Philadelphia Negro [first sociological analysis of African Americans in the US] 1896 Gustav Le BON: The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind 1896 John DEWEY: The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology 1896 GIDDINGS: Principles of Sociology 1896 WEBER: The Agrarian Sociology of Ancient Civilizations 1896 Rene WORMS: Organism and Society 1897 Apr 24 Benjamin Lee WHORF born, Winthrop MA 1897 Aug 28 Louis WIRTH born, Gemunden, Germany 1897 DURKHEIM: Suicide 1897 PARETO: Course in Political Economy 1897 TARDE: Universal Opposition 1898 Jul 19 Herbert MARCUSE born, Berlin, Germany 1898 John DEWEY: Evolution and Ethics 1898-00 DURKHEIM: Professional Ethics and Civic Morals 1898 GIDDINGS: Elements of Sociology 1898 KAUTSKY: The Agrarian Problem 1898 RATZENHOFER: Sociological Studies 1898 TARDE: Social Laws 1898 WARD: Outline of Sociology 1899 Eduard BERNSTEIN: Evolutionary Socialism: a Criticism and Affirmations 1899 CHAMBERLAIN: The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century 1899 COSTE: Principles of Objective Sociology 1899 DURKHEIM: Collective and Individual Representations 1899 VEBLEN: Theory of the Leisure Class
1900 1900 Mar 23 Erich FROMM born, Frankfurt am Main, Germany 1900 Aug 25 Friedrich Wilheim NIETZSCHE died 1900 COSTE: Expriences of the Peoples 1900 DURKHEIM: Two Laws of Penal Evolution 1900 Stuart C. DODD born 1900 FREUD: The Interpretation of Dreams 1900 Karl PEARSON: The grammar of science 1900 George SIMMEL: Philosophy of Money 1901 Feb 13 Paul Felix LAZARSFELD born, Vienna, Austria 1901 Nov 18 George Horace GALLUP born, Jefferson IA 1901 Nov 19 Karl PEARSON: National life from the standpoint of science 1901 Dec 16 Margaret MEAD born, Philadelphia PA 1902 Dec 13 Talcott PARSONS born 1902 COOLEY: Human Nature and Social Order 1902-03 DURKHEIM: Moral Education 1902 KAUTSKY: The Social Revolution 1902 LENIN: What is to be done? 1903 Dec 8 Herbert SPENCER died 1903 Dec 25 Albert SCHÄFFLE died 1903 WARD: Pure Sociology 1903 du BOIS: The Souls of Black Folk 1904 May 13 Gabriel TARDE died 1904 PARK: The Crowd and the Public 1904 SPENCER: An Autobiography (2 vols) 1904 VEBLEN: The Theory of Business Enterprise 1904 WEBER: Objectivity in Social Science & Social Policy 1904 Sep-Dec WEBER visits United States (St. Louis Exposition) 1905 SMALL: General Sociology 1906 HOBHOUSE: Morals in Evolution 1906 SCHÄFFLE: Outline of Sociology 1906 SUMNER: Folkways 1906 WARD: Applied Sociology 1906 WEBER: The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism 1907 William JAMES: Pragmatism 1907 WEBER: Critique of Stammler 1908 Aug 20 Kingsley DAVIS born, Tuxedo TX 1908 RATZENHOFER: Sociology 1908 SIMMEL:Soziologie 1909 Aug 19 Ludwig GUMPLOWICZ died 1909 COOLEY: Social Organization 1909 THOMAS: Source Book of Social Origins 1910 Jul 5 Robert King MERTON born, Philadelphia PA 1910 Aug 26 William JAMES died 1910 WHEELER: Ants: Their Structure, Development, and Behavior 1911 Jan 17 Francis GALTON died 1911 DURKHEIM: Judgments of Reality and Judgments of Value 1912 DURKHEIM: Elementary Forms of Religious Life 1912 GINI: Demographic Factors in the Evolution of Nations 1913 Apr 18 Lester Frank WARD died 1913 MEAD: The Social Self 1914-30 Karl PEARSON: The life, letters and labours of Francis Galton 1915 Robert MICHELS: Political Parties 1915 PARETO: General Treatise on Sociology 1916 Aug 28 C. Wright MILLS born 1916 LENIN: Imperialism, The Highest Stage of Capitalism 1916 WEBER: The Religion of China 1916-7 WEBER: The Religion of India 1917 Jan 2 Edward B. TYLOR died 1917 Nov 15 Emile DURKHEIM died 1917-9 WEBER: Ancient Judaism 1918 Sep 26 Georg SIMMEL died 1918 COOLEY: Social Process 1918-21 THOMAS & ZNANIECKI: The Polish Peasant in Europe and America (5 vols) 1919 Jan 15 "Blutige (Bloody)" Rosa LUXEMBURG died, Berlin, Germany 1919 SOROKIN: System of Sociology (2 vols) 1919 A.J. TOYNBEE: delegate to Paris Peace Conference 1919 John B. WATSON: Psychology from the Standpoint of a Behaviorist 1920 Jun 14 Max WEBER died 1921 Dec 2 Otis Dudley DUNCAN born, Nocona TX 1921 Martin BUBER: I and Thou 1921 BURGESS: The Science of Sociology (w/ Park) 1921 PARK: (w/ Burgess) An Introduction to the Science of Sociology 1921 SAPIR: Language: an Introduction to the Study of Speech 1921 WEBER: The City 1922 Mar 18 Seymour Martin LIPSET born, New York NY 1922 CARR-SAUNDERS: The Population Problem 1922 John DEWEY: Human Nature and Conduct 1922 Robert PARK: The immigrant press and its control 1822 RADCLIFFE-BROWN: The Andaman Islanders 1922 WEBER: Economy and Society (2 vols) 1923 Karl MANNHEIM: On the interpretation of Weltanschauung 1923 William F. OGBURN: Social change with respect to culture and original nature 1923 Aug 20 Vilfredo PARETO died 1923 LUKACS: History and Class Consciousness 1923 MEAD: "Scientific Method and the Moral Sciences" 1923 OGBURN: Social Change 1923 THOMAS: The Unadjusted Girl 1923 WHEELER: Social Life Among the Insects 1924 Max SCHELER (1874-28): Essays toward a Sociology of Knowledge 1924 MEAD: "The Genesis of the Self and Social Control" 1924 SMALL: Origins of Sociology 1925 BURGESS: The City (w/ Park) 1925 LOTKA: Elements of Physical Biology 1925 Karl MANNHEIM: The Problem of a Sociology of Knowledge 1926 Mar 24 Albion Woodbury SMALL died 1926 May 12 James Samuel COLEMAN born, Bedford IN 1926-8 SPENGLER: The Decline of the West (2 vols) 1927 John DEWEY: The Public and its Problems 1927 SOROKIN: Social Mobility 1928 William F. OGBURN: American marriage and family relationships [w/ Ernest Rutherford Groves] 1928 SOROKIN: Contemporary Sociological Theories 1928 THOMAS: The Child in America 1928 WIRTH: The Ghetto 1929 Aug 3 Thorstein VEBLEN died 1929 May 8 Charles Horton COOLEY died 1930 COOLEY: Sociological Theory and Social Research 1931 Apr 26 George Herbert MEAD died 1931 Jun 11 Franklin H. GIDDINGS died 1931 ALLEE: Animal Aggregations 1933 OGBURN: Recent Social Trends in the United States 1933 W.S. THOMPSON and P.K. WHELPTON: Population Trends in the United States 1934 BENEDICT: Patterns of Culture 1934 William F. OGBURN: You and machines 1935 May 21 Jane ADDAMS died, Chicago IL 1935 Houston Stuart CHAPIN: Contemporary American Institutions 1935-61 TOYNBEE: A Study of History (12 vols) 1936 Feb 27 Ivan Petrovich PAVLOV died, Leningrad [St. Petersburg] 1936 TOENNIES: Introduction to Sociology 1936 Apr 9 Ferdinand TOENNIES died, Kiel, Germany 1936 Apr 27 Karl PEARSON died, London, England 1936 May 3 Robert MICHELS died, Rome 1936 May 8 Oswald SPENGLER died 1936 OGBURN: The Social Effects of Aviation 1936 TOENNIES: Introduction to Sociology 1936 WIRTH: Ideology and Utopia (w/ Mannheim) 1937 Apr 19 Joseph WHEELER died, Cambridge MA 1937 Oct 16 William Sealey GOSSET (Student's t-test) died, Beaconsfield, England 1937 PARSONS: Structure of Social Action 1937-41 SOROKIN: Social and Cultural Dynamics (4 vols) 1938 ALLEE: The Social Life of Animals 1939 Feb 4 Edward SAPIR died, New Haven CT 1939 Sep 23 Sigmund FREUD died 1939 Dec 27 Ed STEPHAN born, Los Angeles CA 1939 LUNDBERG: Foundations of Sociology 1939 PEARL: The Natural History of Population 1939 ELIAS: The Civilizing Process 1940 Nov 17 Raymond PEARL died, Hershey PA 1940 OGBURN: Sociology (w/ Nimkoff) 1941 Mar 18 Werner SOMBART died, Berlin, Germany 1941 Jul 26 Benjamin Lee WHORF died, Wethersfield CT 1941 Nov 8 Gaetano MOSCA died, Rome, Italy 1942 May 16 Branislaw Kasper MALINOWSKI died, New Haven CT 1942 Dec 22 Franz BOAS died, New York NY 1942 DODD: Dimensions of Society 1943 William F. OGBURN: American society in wartime 1943 SOROKIN: Sociocultural Causality, Time and Space 1944 Feb 7 Robert Ezra PARK died 1945 BURGESS: Predicting Success or Failure in Marriage (w/ L Cottrell, Jr.) 1945 BURGESS: The Family (w/ H. Locke) 1945 Gladys BRYSON: Man and Society: the Scottish Inquiry of the Eighteenth ðCentury 1947 Dec 5 William Isaac THOMAS died 1947 LUNDBERG: Can Science Save Us? 1947 Nicholas RASHEVSKY: Mathematical Theory of Human Relations 1947 SOROKIN: Society, Culture and Personality 1948 Sep 17 Ruth BENEDICT died, New York NY 1948 Kinglsey DAVIS: Human Society 1948 MILLS: The new men of power, America's labor leaders 1949 George ZIPF: Human behavior and the principle of least effort; an introduction to human ecology 1949 OGBURN: Technology and International Relations 1949 PARSONS: Essays in Sociological Theory, Pure and Applied 1950 1950 Amos HAWLEY: Human ecology; a theory of community structure. 1950 James A. QUINN: Human Ecology 1950 George Casper HOMANS: The Human Group 1950 PARK: Race and Culture 1951 Rosa LUXEMBURG: The Accumulation of Capital 1951 MILLS: White Collar 1951 PARSONS: The Social System 1951 PARSONS: Toward a General Theory of Action 1951 THOMAS: Social Behavior and Personality 1952 May 3 Louis WIRTH died, Buffalo, NY 1952 Marion LEVY: The Structure of Society 1952 PARK: Human Communnities 1953 MILLS: Character and social structure: the psychology of social institutions [w/ Hans Gerth 1954 Lewis COSER: The Functions of Social Conflict 1954 Amos HAWLEY: Papers in demography and public administration 1954 MILLS: Mass Society and Liberal Education 1955 Mar 18 Warder Clyde ALLEE died, Gainesville FL 1955 PARK: Society 1955 PARSONS: Family, Socialization and Interaction Process 1956 MILLS: The Power Elite 1956 Ralf DAHRENDORF: Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society 1958 MILLS: The causes of World War Three 1959 DAVIS: "The myth of functional analysis" ASR 1959 MILLS: The Sociological Imagination 1959 Apr 27 William Fielding OGBURN died 1960 Oct 5 Alfred Louis KROEBER died, Paris, France 1960 MILLS: Images of Man; the classic tradition in sociological thinking 1960 MILLS: Listen Yankee: The Revolution in Cuba 1961 HOMANS: Social Behavior: Its Elementary Forms 1962 MILLS: The Marxists 1962 Mar 20 C. Wright MILLS died 1962 Jul 29 Ronald Aylmer FISHER died, Adelaide, Australia 1962 V.C. WYNNE-EDWARDS: Animal Dispersion in Relation to Social Behaviour 1963 Aug 27 W.E.B. du BOIS dies, Accra, Ghana 1963 Aug 28 W.E.B. du BOIS eulogized by Martin Luther King, Jr., as the March on Washington begins 1963 MILLS: Power, politics, and people; the collected essays of C. Wright Mills [Edited I.L. Horowitz] 1964 Peter M. BLAU: Exchange and Power in Social Life 1964 MACIVER: Social Causation 1964 MILLS: The new sociology; essays in social science and social theory, in honor of C. Wright Mills. 1964 MILLS: Sociology and pragmatism: the higher learning in America [Edited I.L. Horowitz] 1964 William F. OGBURN: On culture and social change; selected papers [Ed. Otis Dudley Duncan] 1965 Mar 13 Corrado GINI died, Rome 1965 Ralph THOMLINSON: Population Dynamics 1965 George ZIPF: The psycho-biology of language; an introduction to dynamic philology. 1966 Oct 6 Alexander Morris Carr-Saunders died, Thirmere, Cumberland, England 1966 Dec 27 Ernest Watson BURGESS died 1966 Apr 14 George A. LUNDBERG died, Seattle, WA 1967 COSER: Continuities in the Study of Social Conflict 1967 HOMANS: The Nature of Social Science 1967 Alfred SCHUTZ: The Phenomenology of the Social World 1968 Feb 10 Pitirim SOROKIN died 1968 Ralf DAHRENDORF: Essays in the Theory of Society 1968 Amos HAWLEY: Roderick D. McKenzie on human ecology; selected writings. [ed] 1968 Robert K. MERTON: Social Theory and Social Structure 1969 BOGUE: Principles of Demography 1969 Herbert BLUMER: Symbolic Interactionism: Perspectives and Methods 1970 Jun 15 Robert M. MACIVER died 1970 Amos HAWLEY: The metropolitan community; its people and government [W/ Basil G. Zimmer] 1970 Robin WILLIAMS: American Society: A Sociological Interpretation 1971 Henry S. SHRYOCK and Jacob S. SIEGEL: The Methods and Materials of Demography (2 vols) 1975 Oct 22 Arnold Joseph TOYNBEE died 1976 Aug 30 Paul Felix LAZARSFELD died, New York NY 1976 Nov 15 Margaret MEAD died, New York NY 1979 May 8 Talcott PARSONS died 1979 Jul 29 Herbert MARCUSE died, Starnberg, Germany 1980 Mar 18 Erich FROMM died, Muralto, Switzerland 1984 Jul 26 George Horace GALLUP died, Tschingel, Switzerland 1985 Roland PRESSAT: The Dictionary of Demography [French, 1979] 1986 Amos HAWLEY: Human ecology : a theoretical essay / Amos H. Hawley. 1990 Norbert ELIAS died, Amsterdam 1995 Mar 25 James Samuel COLEMAN died, Chicago IL 1995 Aug 18 STEPHAN: The Division of Territory in Society