This book is a guide to the society that will replace
It finds patterns in societies' historical development and follows
the trend in these patterns to identify the society after Capitalism.
These patterns are found using a method that shows how societies develop
in an upward spiral thru a series of stages. The previous stages have
been Primitive, Slavery and Land-duty.
Primitive society ran from about 100,000 BC to 3,500
BC. Slavery dominated from about 3,500 BC to 400.
Land-duty was the main type of society from about 400 to 1600. Capitalist
societies first emerged in the 1600s.
Primitive society was classless. Class societies emerged with Slavery
to drive productivity improvements.
The general trends from Primitive times to Capitalism have been:
Advancing technologies and production methods
Since Slavery the trend has been:
Increasing labor freedom and laborers' incentive
Societies have alternated between:
Decentralized societies with slow change that laid the basis
of a radically new type of socio-economic stage
The resulting centralized societies with rapid economic growth
and social development.
Human societies' spiral development pattern is very similar to the
spiral pattern that species' life cycles follow.
This book's method is an extension of the philosophy Historical Materialism
to include the spiral development model.
Historical patterns show that Primitive and Land-duty societies are
very similar. Slavery and Capitalism are shown to be similar to each
Primitive and Land-duty
Primitive and Land-duty societies had the following features:
Decentralized production and government
Laborers ran production
Production and government followed the same regulations
Slavery and Capitalism
Slavery and Capitalist societies had the following features:
Centralized production and government
Owners ran production
Taxation by government only
Production and government followed different regulations
Following the above patterns, the next stage after Capitalism should
be similar to Primitive and Land-duty societies.
Amongst the book's findings are:
Globalization will eventually result in Capitalism's collapse
Government and the economy will decentralize, becoming more
local and more global
Central government will have an enabling role rather than a
Devolved self-managing small economic units should perform
Automation will remove the need for the working class's physical
Some physical production will remain for a long time and with
it remnants of the capitalist and working classes
The class that will dominate the next society hasn't formed
This class is likely to be self-employed information product