General Packages: No package does everything, but these programs support a wide variety of statistical analyses.
Completely Free... can be freely downloaded and used in their fullyfunctional mode (no strings attached) 
ViSta
 a Visual Statistics program for Win3.1, Win 95/NT, Mac and Unix,
featuring a Structured Desktop, with features designed to structure
and assist the statistical analyst.
OpenStat  a general stats package for Win 95/98/NT, developed by Bill Miller of Iowa State U, with a very broad range of data manipulation and analysis capabilities and an SPSSlike user interface. Bill also has provided an excellent downloadable textbook in the form of Adobe Acrobat files. Instat Plus  from the University of Reading, in the UK. (Not to be confused with Instat from GraphPad Software.) An interactive statistics package for Windows or DOS. WinIDAMS  from UNESCO  for numerical information processing and statistical analysis. Provides data manipulation and validation facilities classical and advanced statistical techniques, including interactive construction of multidimensional tables, graphical exploration of data (3D scattergram spinning, etc.), time series analysis, and a large number of multivariate techniques. SSP (Smith's Statistical Package)  a simple, userfriendly package for Mac and Windows that can enter/edit/transform/import/export data, calculate basic summaries, prepare charts, evaluate distribution function probabilities, perform simulations, compare means & proportions, do ANOVA's, Chi Square tests, simple & multiple regressions. Also, check out R and Ox, described in the Programming Languages section below. NCSS 6.0 Junior  a free, strippeddown version of NCSS 6.0 for Win 3.1. Has data entry, descriptive statistics, ttests, multiple regression, tests on proportions, cross tabs, oneway ANOVA, exponential smoothing, histograms, scatter plots, and box plots. Dataplot  (Unix, Linux, PCDOS, Windows) for scientific visualization, statistical analysis, and nonlinear modeling. Has extensive mathematical and graphical capabilities. Closely integrated with the NIST/SEMATECH Engineering Statistics Handbook. WebStat  A Javabased statistical computing environment for the World Wide Web. Needs a browser, but can be downloaded and run offline. EasyStat  Simple program for Windows and Mac for ttests, Ftests, simple ANOVA, contingency table, MantelHaenszel Regress+  A professional package (Macintosh only) for univariate mathematical modeling (equations and distributions). The most powerful software of its kind available anywhere, with stateoftheart functionality and userfriendliness. Too many features to even begin to list here. Scilab  a scientific software package for numerical computations in a userfriendly environment. Available for Windows, Mac and Unix computers, this is a sophisticated programming language with a MatLablike syntax, hundreds of builtin functions and libraries, 3d graphics, and symbolic capabilities through a Maple interface. SISA  Simple Interactive Statistical Analysis for PC (DOS) from Daan Uitenbroek. An excellent collection of individual DOS modules for several statistical calculations, including some analyses not readily available elsewhere. Statistical Software by Paul W. Mielke Jr.  a large collection of executable DOS programs (and Fortran source). Includes: Matrix occupancy, exact gsample empirical coverage test, interactions of exact analyses, spectral decomposition analysis, exact mrbp (randomized block) analyses, exact multiresponse permutation procedure, Fisher's Exact for crossclassfication and goodnessoffit, Fisher's combined pvalues (meta analysis), largest part's proportion, PearsonZelterman, GreenwoodMoran and KendallSherman goodnessoffit, runs tests, multivariate Hotelling's test, leastabsolutedeviation regression, sequential permutation procedures, LAD regression, principal component analysis, matched pair permutation, r by c contingency tables, rway contingency tables, and JonkheereTerpstra. IRRISTAT  for data management and basic statistical analysis of experimental data (Windows). Primarily for analysis of agricultural field trials, but many features can be used for analysis of data from other sources. Includes: Data management with a spreadsheet , Text editor, Analysis of variance, Regression, Genotype x environment interaction analysis, Quantitative trait analysis, Single site analysis, Pattern analysis, Graphics, Utilities for randomization and layout, general factorial EMS, and orthogonal polynomial. Hypercard stack that performs basic statistical analyses. Runs on the Mac (a free HyperCard Player program can be downloaded from the Apple web site). Thank you, Mike! (mmessieh@aol.com) 
Subset Packages: Each of these programs deals with a specific area of statistics (such as power analysis or mulitvariate analysis), or carries out a specific test or computation.
Completely Free... can be freely downloaded and used in their fullyfunctional mode (no strings attached) 
PS
 a very wellimplemented Windows 95/NT program for power
and sample size calculations from Vanderbilt Univ Med Ctr. Handles
dichotomous, continuous, or survival response measures. Alternative
hypothesis specified either in terms of differing response rates, means,
or survival times, or in terms of relative risks or odds ratios. Studies
with dichotomous or continuous outcomes may involve either a matched
or independent study design. Can determine sample size for a specified
power, power for a specified sample size, or the specific alternative
hypotheses that can be detected with a given power and sample size.
Produces graphs of relationships between power, sample size and detectable
alternative hypotheses (with any two of these variables on x & y,
and the third variable generating a family of curves on a single
graph). Linear or logarithmic axes may be specified. Can print professionalquality
power charts.
PEPI  a collection of 43 small DOS / Windows programs that perform a large assortment of statistical tests. They can be downloaded individually, or as a single ZIP file. (A new Windows version is being developed; the test version can be downloaded here.) They were written to accompany the book Computer Programs for Epidemiologic Analyses: PEPI v. 4.0, by Abramson and Gahlinger, which is available for purchase. The programs include: pvalue adjustments for multiple significance tests; Attributable and Prevented Fractions: CaseControl Studies; Analysis of 2 x 2 Tables; Chisquare Tests of Association; Combining Measures of Association or Probabilities; Confidence Intervals; Aids to Use of Pearson's Correlation Coefficients; ifference Between Rates, Proportions or Means; Direct Standardization; Exact Test for a 2 x K Table; Tests for Goodness of Fit ; Fitting of Poisson and Binomial Distributions; Appraisal of Frequency Distribution ; Indirect Standardization; Agreement Between Categorical Ratings; Life Table Analysis; Logistic Regression Analysis (Unconditional and Conditional); WilcoxonMannWhitney Test and Related Procedures ; Extended MantelHaenszel Procedure: Trend Analysis; Multiple Matched Controls; Correcting for Misclassification in 2 x 2 Tables; Analysis of Paired Samples ; Poisson Probability: Observed vs Expected Events; Poisson Regression Analysis; Power of a Test Comparing Two Proportions or Means; Probability and Inverse Probability Values: Z, t, Chi Square, F; Procedures using Random Numbers; Association Between OrdinalScale Variables; Comparison of Two Rates or Proportions; Comparison of PersonTime Incidence Rates; ower and Sample Size for Regression and Correlation Analyses; Comparison of Several Related Samples; Sample Size for Estimation of Proportion, Rate, or Mean; Sample Sizes for Comparison of Two Samples ; Internal Consistency of a Scale; Screening and Diagnostic Tests ; Seasonal Variation ; Smoothing of Curves and Median Polish Procedure; KaplanMeier Life Table Analysis, Logrank and Logitrank Tests; Calculation of Elapsed Time; Trend Analysis and Multiple Comparisons, and two special calculators: WHATIS and WHATS. EpiData  a comprehensive yet simple tool for documented data entry. Overall frequency tables (codebook) and listing of data included, but no statistical analysis tools. Biomapper  a kit of GIS and statistical tools designed to build habitat suitability (HS) models and maps for any kind of animal or plant. Deals with: preparing ecogeographical maps for use as input for ENFA (e.g. computing frequency of occurrence map, standardisation, masking, etc.); Exploring and comparing them by mean of descriptive statistics (distribution analysis, etc.); Computing the Ecological Niche Factor Analysis and exploring its output; and Computing and evaluating a Habitat Suitability map StatCalc  a PC calculator that computes table values and other statistics for 34 probability distributions. Also includes some nonparametric table values, tolerance factors, and bivariate normal distribution. A help file is provided for each distribution. BKD: Bayesian Knowledge Discoverer  a computer program able to learn Bayesian Belief Networks from (possibly incomplete) databases. Based on a new estimation method called Bound and Collapse. Developed within the Bayesian Knowledge Discovery project. See also the commercial product, called Bayesware Discoverer, available free for noncommercial use. RoC: The Robust Bayesian Classifier  a computer program able to perform supervised Bayesian classification from incomplete databases, with no assumption about the pattern of missing data. Based on a new estimation method called Robust Bayesian Estimator. Developed within the Bayesian Knowledge Discovery project. DQOPRO  a samplesize calculator for MS Windows that performs three types of calculations:
Probability Calculator  Regular (pvalue) and inverse calculation for most popular central and noncentral probability distributions: Beta, Binomial, Bivariate Normal, Chi Square, Correlation, Fisher F, Gamma, Hypergeometric, Negative Binomial, Normal (Gaussian), Poisson, Student t, Studentized Range, Weibull. Binomial Probability Program (BPP) is a menu driven program which performs a variety of functions related to the success/ failure situation. Given the probability of occurrence for a specific event, this program calculates the probability that EXACTLY, NO MORE THAN, or AT LEAST a certain number of events occur in a given number of trials for all possible outcomes, and will generate plots for each of these. The program allows the user to repeatedly combine probabilities in series or in parallel, and at any time will show a trail of the calculations which led to the current probability value. Other program capabilities are the calculation of probabilities from input data, Gaussian approximation, and the generation of a mean time between failure (MTBF) table for various levels of confidence. Up to 2200 trials may be run, limited by IBM PC BASIC memory utilization. It is assumed that the user is familiar with the theory behind binomial probability distribution. ADE4  multivariate analysis and graphical display software package for Mac andWin 95/NT. Includes component analysis and correspondence analysis, spatial data analysis methods (analogous to Moran and Geary indices), discriminant analysis and within/between groups analyses, many linear regression methods including lowess and polynomial regression, multiple and PLS (partial least squares) regression and orthogonal (principal component) regression, projection methods like principal component analysis on instrumental variables, canonical correspondence analysis and many other variants, coinertia analysis and the RLQ method, and several threeway table (ktable) analysis methods. Graphical displays include an automatic collection of elementary graphics corresponding to groups of rows or to columns in the data table, automatic ktable graphics and geographical mapping options, searching, zooming, selection of points, and display of data values on factor maps. Simple and homogeneous user interface. R (Not to be confused with the "R" statistical programming language!)  A group of programs (Macintosh and VAX/VMS), originally developed for ecologists, various complex multidimensional and spatial analysis procedures. Contains AutoCorrelation, BioGeo, Chrono, Cluster, Cocopan, COnvert, GeoDistances, ImportExport, KMeans, Links, Look, Mantel, PCoord, Periodograph, PnComp, Simil, and VerNorm. Full documentation is provided. G*Power  a general Power Analysis program for DOS and Macintosh. Performs highprecision analysis for ttests, Ftests, Chisquare tests. Computes power, sample sizes, alpha, beta, and alpha/beta ratios. Has a comprehensive webbased tutorial and reference manual. Tests of Proportions applies tests of significance for proportions (between observed vs expected and between two independent proportions). (Mac, 335K) CAcalculator  calculates chronological age when given date of birth and date of test. (Mac, 700K) MacKappa  calculates general and partial kappa coefficients for nominal data. (Mac, 220k) Weibull Trend Toolkit  Fits a Weibull distribution function (like a normal distribution, but more flexible) to a set of data points by matching the skewness of the data. (Windows) CASSATT  A pure Java graphical program to create linked scatterplots and parallelcoordinate plots. Runs on any platform that can run Java (Win/95/98/NT/2000, Mac, Unix, etc.) TURNER  Macintosh software for interactivly analysing multidimensional discrete data. Uses interactive paradigms from exploratory graphical data analysis to the concise treatment of categorical data, typically arranged in two or multiway contingency tables. Including standard features for categorical data like Pearson's chisquared test and loglinear models it offers the whole goodnessoffit family of power divergence statistics and the Nvalue. Interactive contingency tables provide the user with the facility of easily switching between all twodimensional views of multivariate data. All displays dealing with the same data set are fully linked and may be interacted with directly. BUGS  Bayesian inference Using Gibbs Sampling. Software for the Bayesian analysis of complex statistical models using Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods. Commandline interface versions available for major computer platform; a Windows version, WinBUGS, supports a graphical user interface, online monitoring and convergence diagnostics. QUEST (Quick, Unbiased and Efficient Statistical Tree), and CRUISE (Classification Rule with Unbiased Interaction Selection and Estimation. Two statistical decision tree algorithms for classification and data mining, by WeiYin Loh and YuShan Shih. AMELIA  A program for substituting reasonable values for missing data (called "imputation") 
Completely Free... can be freely downloaded and used in their fullyfunctional mode (no strings attached) 
EasyReg
(Easy Regression Analysis), by Herman J. Bierens. Incredibly powerful
and multifeatured program for data manipulation and analysis. Designed
for econometrics, but useful in many other disciplines as well. For
Win 98/98/NT4.
WinSAAM  Windows implementation of SAAM (System Analysis and Modeling Software). Lets you create mathematical models, design and simulate experiments, and analyze data. Models can contain differential equations, which will be numerically integrated and fit to data. Graphic and tabular output is provided. Boomer  Nonlinear Regression Program for Analysis of Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Data. Includes normal fitting, Bayesian estimation, or simulationonly, with integrated or differential equation models. Allows selection of weighting schemes and methods for numerical integration. Free downloads for Macintosh and PC; online manual, tutorial, sample data sets. PLSPC 1.8  A DOS program to do Partial Least Squares regression (PLS). Developed by J. Lohmöller, and distributed for free by J. McArdle. An introductory overview of PLS by Wynne CHin can be found here. DEMETRA  userfriendly interface to TRAMO/SEATS and X12ARIMA . 
Biostatistics and Epidemiology:
Completely Free... can be freely downloaded and used in their fullyfunctional mode (no strings attached) 
Anderson
Statistical Archives  A large collection
of statistical programs for PC(DOS) and Mac, plus Fortran and C source,
from the Biomathematics department of the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center.
Software is distributed in the form of program source files (Fortran77
or ANSI C) and/or selfextracting archives of executable programs for
PCcompatible (under DOS) or Macintosh (68xxxbased or PowerMac) computers.
STPLAN  Performs power, sample size, and related calculations needed to plan studies. Covers a wide variety of situations, including studies whose outcomes involve the Binomial, Poisson, Normal, and lognormal distributions, or are survival times or correlation coefficients. Available for MSDOS and Mac; also as Fortran and C source code. EpiInfo  a set of programs for word processing, data management and epidemiologic analysis, designed for public health professionals. Consists of Epi Info (forms design, data entry, data management), Epi Map (generated geographical, mapbased output), SSS1 (BoxJenkins time series analysis, MMWR graphs, trend analysis, and 2source comparisons). Also, check out the excellent online companion textbook: Data Analysis with Epi Info, by Bud Gerstman. See the entry in the Subset Programs section of this page for PEPI  a collection of 43 small DOS / Windows programs that perform a large assortment of statistical tests. They can be downloaded individually, or as a single ZIP file. Free Public Health & Epidemiology Software  written by Mark Myatt)and others:
PAMCOMP (Personyears And Mortality COMputation Program)  a free Windows 95/98/NT application for calculating personyears and standardised mortality ratios (SMRs). The calculation of personyears allows flexible stratification by sex, and selfdefined and unrestricted calendar periods and age groups, and can lag personyears to account for latency periods.The SMR computation includes calculation of 90%, 95%, and 99% confidence intervals. Has filters for ASCII, dBase, Excel, Access, Paradox to import cohort and reference data and to export distributions of personyears and deaths. ARIMA  a seasonal adjustment program for PC and Unix, developed by the Census Bureau. Click here for a review of version X12. DEMETRA  (Win 9x/NT) a userfriendly interface to the seasonal adjustment methods TRAMO/SEATS and X12ARIMA . Developed by Eurostat to facilitate the application of these modern time series techniques to largescale sets of time series and in the explicit consideration of the needs of production units in statistical institutes. Client/server architecture can access various kinds of databases and files. Contains two main modules: seasonal adjustment and trend estimation with an automated procedure (e.g. for unexperienced users or for largescale sets of time series), and with a userfriendly procedure for detailed analysis of single time series. EasyMA  a free userfriendly MSDOS program for the metaanalysis of clinical trials results. Developed to help physicians and medical researchers to synthesize evidence in clinical or therapeutic research. EPIMETA (from CDC)  a DOSbased metaanalysis program that features a Windowslike interface which makes data entry, file manipulation, and subgroup analysis easy. Life Table  available in Lotus and Excel formats. Diagnostic Statistics  calculates diagnostic efficiency statistics (i. e., sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive power, Kappa, etc.). (Mac, 335K) ABSRISK  a program (MSDOS) for estimating absolute risks from relative risks. Uses agespecific mortality and morbidity data to convert relative risk estimates into absolute risk estimates. That is, it estimates the probability that a patient will suffer a specific morbid or mortal outcome in a given time interval. The user first specifies a data file that contains the needed mortality and morbidity data for the disease of interest. She then gives her patient's age and relative risk, and the time interval over which the risk estimate is to be derived. The program derives this risk, which is given both interactively and in a log file. Biodiversity Research Software  Five software packages, with documentation:

Surveys, Testing, and Measurement:
Completely Free... can be freely downloaded and used in their fullyfunctional mode (no strings attached) 
QMethod
 a statistical program for analyzing data from the QSort
Technique. Enter data (QSorts) the way they are collected, i.e.
as 'piles' of statement numbers. It computes intercorrelations among
QSorts, which are then factoranalysed with the Centroid (or, alternatively,
PCA) method. Resulting factors can be rotated either analytically (Varimax),
or judgmentally with the help of twodimensional plots. Finally, after
selecting the relevant factors and 'flagging' the entries that define
the factors, the analysis step produces an extensive report with a variety
of tables on factor loadings, statement factor scores, discriminating
statements for each of the factors as well as consensus statements across
factors, etc.
AnSWR  Analysis Software for Wordbased Records  a free software system from the C.D.C. for coordinating and conducting largescale, teambased analysis projects that integrate qualitative and quantitative techniques (for Windows). eztext  a software program from the C.D.C. developed to assist researchers create, manage, and analyze semistructured qualitative databases. CSPro (Census and Survey Processing System)  a publicdomain software package for entering, tabulating and mapping census and survey data. IMPS (Integrated Microcomputer Processing System)  performs the major tasks in survey and census data processing: data entry, data editing, tabulation, data dissemination, statistical analysis and data capture control. (from CDC) WebQ  a set of HTML files for performing QSorts online and collecting the data for subsequent analysis. Stats  Windows program for several commonlyneeded statistical functions for marketing researchers: random numbers;sample sizes needed for surveys; mean, standard deviation, standard error and range for keyboardentered data; standard error of a proportion; significance testing between two percentages from independent samples; significance between two percentages from dependent samples; significance testing between two averages from independent samples; contingency table analysis (i.e., ChiSquare) SABRE  a Fortran program for statistical analysis of binary, ordinal and count recurrent events. Such data are common in many surveys either with recurrent information collected over time or with a clustered sampling scheme. It is particularly appropriate for the analysis of work and life histories, and has been used intensively on many longitudinal datasets. POSDEM  Uses simulation techniques to analyze and compare alternate sampling strategies for surveys. Performs power / sample size / precision analyses for different sampling methods: systematic, stratified, random, etc. Windows versions available in Spanish and English. SSCalculator  calculates standard scores (z, t, NCE) as well as percentiles and Wechsler test scores. (Mac, 315K) ASCAcalculator for Macintosh and Windows  performs syndromic profile analysis with both generalized distance and r(p) calculation methods for Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents (ASCA) scores. (Mac:200K, Win:500K) MacPotthoff  performs Potthoff regression bias analysis. (Mac, 200K) WISCIII Profile Calculator for Macintosh and Windows  uses generalized distance method to determine if the subtest profile of a single case is multivariately unusual or common in comparison to subtest clusters found in the WISCIII standardization sample. (Mac, 360K; Win anticipated in September) DEMETRA  userfriendly interface to TRAMO/SEATS and X12ARIMA . 
Excel Spreadsheets and AddIns:
Completely Free... can be freely downloaded and used in their fullyfunctional mode (no strings attached) 
PopTools
 Windows DLL for Excel 97 and 2000 (PC's only). Facilitates analysis
of matrix population models & simulation of stochastic processes.
Adds a new menu item and installs many powerful functions: matrix decompositions
(Cholesky, QR, singular values, LU), eigenanalysis (eigenvalues and
eigenvectors of square matrices) and formulas for generation of random
variables (Normal, binomial, gamma, exponential, Poisson, logNormal).
Also has routines for iterating spreadsheets to run Monte Carlo simulations,
conduct randomisation tests (including the Mantel test) and calculate
bootstrap statistics. Some facilities for maximumlikelihood parameter
estimation, and some other generally useful functions. Free download
from website, which also has documentation, examples, and related links.
DE Histograms  an Excel addin that provides comprehensive descriptives stats, histograms, outlier detection, normality testing, and much more. Exact confidence intervals for samples from the Binomial and Poisson distributions  an Excel spreadsheet with several builtin functions for calculating probabilities and confidence intervals. (42k long). Confidence interval around a difference between two proportions (and around the "number needed to treat", using the Newcombe Wilson hybrid score, by Dan Tandberg. More accurate than the usual normalapproximation formulas. Essential Regression and Experimental Design  an Excel 95/97 addin and electronic book package for linear multiple and polynomial regression. Includes significance tests of model and parameters, model adequacy checking, tests for multicollinearity and variance inflation factors, autocorrelation, model optimization, stepwise regression, and experimental design (screening designs, orthogonality and rotatability, and response surface modeling). Life Table  available in Lotus and Excel formats Weighted Least Squares Linear Fits  an Excel addin from Philip Kromer (Univ. of Texas) ASCA Profile Analysis  EXCEL spreadsheet template for performing syndromic profile analysis of Adjustment Scale for Children and Adolescents scores. (Mac, 25K) Correlation Tests  EXCEL spreadsheet template which tests the significance of difference between correlations (both independent and dependent). (Mac, 25K) Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC)  EXCEL template, graphs the ROC curve and calculates Area Under the ROC Curve (AUC) using a nonparametric method. Mac, 20K) 
Programming Languages and Routines:
Completely Free... can be freely downloaded and used in their fullyfunctional mode (no strings attached) 
MuPAD
 a very powerful and general computerized algebra system, developed
at the University of Paderborn, now distributed by SciFace
Software. In the same category as Mathematica and Maple, it does
numerical calculations, symbolic manipulation (algebra, differentiation
& integration), graphing, and programming. A free "lite" (but still
very powerful) version for PC and Mac can be downloaded.
R  a programming language and environment for statistical computing and graphics. Similar to S or Splus (will run most S code unchanged). Available for Windows, various Unix flavors (including Linux), NextStep and Mac. Provides a wide variety of statistical (linear and nonlinear modelling, classical statistical tests, timeseries analysis, classification, clustering, ...) and graphical techniques, and is highly extensible. Welldesigned publicationquality plots can be produced, including mathematical symbols and formulae where needed. The R environment includes:
Octave  a highlevel mathematical programming language, similar to MATLAB, for numerical computations  solving common numerical linear algebra problems, finding the roots of nonlinear equations, integrating ordinary functions, manipulating polynomials, and integrating ordinary differential and differentialalgebraic equations. It is easily extensible and customizable via userdefined functions written in Octave's own language, or using dynamically loaded modules written in C++, C, Fortran, or other languages. Runs under Linux and Windows. Ox  an objectoriented matrix programming language with a comprehensive mathematical and statistical function library. Matrices can be used directly in expressions, for example to multiply two matrices, or to invert a matrix. The major features of Ox are its speed, extensive library, and welldesigned syntax, which leads to programs which are easier to maintain. Versions of Ox are available for many platforms. The "Console" version can be freely downloaded for academic and research use; the "Professional" version must be purchased. Mx  a matrix algebra interpreter and numerical optimizer for exploration of matrix algebra. Many builtin fit fuctions for structural equation modeling and other statistical modeling. Has fitting fuctions like those in LISREL, LISCOMP, EQS and CALIS, along with facilities for maximum likelihood estimation of parameters from missing data structures, under normal theory. Users can easily specify complex 'nonstandard' models, define their own fit functions, and perform optimization subject to linear and nonlinear equality or boundary constraints. Visual Basic Subroutines for Statistical Computations  Eigensystems, conjugate gradient, finite differencing, maximum likelihood regression, iteratively reweighted least squares, nonlinear regression by finite differencing or partial derivatives, linear categorical regression, Poisson regression by loglikelihood & iterativelyreweighted least squares, unconditional (nonmatched) and conditional (1:M matching) logistic regression by loglikelihood. Also subroutines for simulating probability distributions: uniform U(0,1) (linear congruential), normal (quantiles), N(0,1) and N(mu,sigma^2), lognormal (quantiles), LN(GM,GSD^2), asymmetric triangle (quantiles), TRI(a,c,b), binomial (quantiles), B(n,p), Poisson (quantiles), P(lambda), Chisquare (quantiles), CHI(df). Also Factor Analysisof cDNA microarray data with varimax rotation. Also Histogram Frequencies and Plotting, XY scatter, line, or 2D vertical bar(histogram), XY Scatter, Line, Horizontal bar. Also VB Code Optimization for Large Sample Analysis (using arrays with millions of elements). New: kernel density estimation. JDB  Relational Database and Elementary Statistics for a Unix environment. Useful for manipulating experimental data (joining files, cleaning data, reformatting for input into other programs). Computes basic statistics (mean, std. dev., confidence intervals, quartiles, ntiles, percentiles, histograms, correlations, zscores, tscores. B/D  an interactive programming language for a priori and diagnostic analyses of Bayes linear statistical problems (subjective statistical analyses based on expectation and covariance structures, rather than on distributional assumptions). Quickly and easily specify beliefs about quantities of interest, attach data to some or all of those quantities, and carry out the general process of Bayes linear adjustment. Produces interactive Bayes linear influence diagrams for the adjustments, providing simple graphical summaries of the adjustments and accompanying diagnostics. MacANOVA  comprehensive statistical package for the Mac and PC/Windows. MacAnova has macros which are used just like functions. Several macros are built in, and three files of additional macros (general, time series, design of experiments) are distributed with MacAnova. Like S, MacAnova is a programming language with for and while loops, if, else, elseif, break, and a full range of operations including bit manipulation. LispStat  an extensible statistical computing environment for data analysis, statistical instruction and research, and for exploring the use of dynamic graphical methods. Based on an extended subset of Common Lisp, performs elementwise operations on lists and vectors, and adds a variety of basic statistical and linear algebra functions. Graphics system is objectoriented, and can be customized and adapted. Supports linear and nonlinear regression models and generalized linear models. Runs on Mac, Xwindow (UNIX), and MS Windows. Be sure to download the documentation, or you won't get anywhere with it. 
Miscellaneous:
Completely Free... can be freely downloaded and used in their fullyfunctional mode (no strings attached) 
Metaanalysis
5.3  Free DOS statistics software for metaanalysis.
Probably still the most frequently used metaanalysis software in the
world. Can select the analysis of exact p values or effect sizes (d
or r, with a cluster size option). Can plot a stemandleaf display
of correlation coefficients. A utility menu is provided that allows
various transformations and preliminary computations that are typically
required before the final metaanalysis can be performed.
First Bayes  a free, easytouse Windows application for elementary Bayesian Statistics. Performs most standard, elementary Bayesian analyses, including: plotting and summarizing distributions, defining and examining arbitrary mixtures of distributions, analysis of two kinds of linear model (one or more normal samples with common but unknown variance, and simple linear regression), examination of marginal distributions for arbitrary linear combinations of the location parameters, and the generation of predictive distributions. IND  Creation and manipulation of decision trees from data. For supervised classification and prediction in artificial intelligence and statistical pattern recognition. A tree is "grown" from data using a recursive partitioning algorithm to create a tree which (hopefully) has good prediction of classes on new data. IND improves on standard algorithms and introduces Bayesian and MML methods, producing more accurate class probability estimates that are important in applications like diagnosis. For UNIX systems. Currently available only in betatest mode, and only to US citizens. MANET  ("Missings Are Now Equally Treated") Macintosh software for interactive graphics tools for data sets with missing values. Generates missing values chart, histograms & barcharts, boxplots & dotplots, scatterplots, mosaic plots, polygon plots, highlighted boxplots, interactive trellis displays, traces, contextsensitive interrogation, cues, redframing, selection sequences. GrafProg  a Windows graphing program design, copy and save graphs generated by functions or by spreadsheet; also includes some statistical graphing processes. Scott Warner's collection of MSDOS and Windows programs useful in a clinical laboratory setting. Also includes LOOEE (Laboratory OneOperator Expression Evaluator), a simple programming language for laboratories. WAFO  Wave Analysis for Fatigue and Oceanography. A toolbox of Matlab (ver. 5.x / 6.x, for Windows & Unix) routines for statistical analysis and simulation of random waves and random loads. Tools are provided for analysis of measured data with routines for estimation of parameters in statistical distributions, estimation of spectra, plotting in probability papers, etc. Has routines for theoretical distributions of characteristic wave parameters from observed or theoretical power spectra of the sea. Another part is related to statistical analysis of fatigue. The theoretical density of rainflow cycles can be computed from parameters of random loads. Has routines is included for modelling of switching loads (hidden Markov models). Also contains general statistical tools. 